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The student news site of Hoover High School

The Cardinal

The student news site of Hoover High School

The Cardinal


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Patsy Mink

In honor of Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, every school day The Cardinal will feature a prominent and historical Asian American or Pacific Islander, living or dead, who has worked toward change, advancement, and/or world peace. Some of them are heroes, and some are unsung heroes, who deserve recognition, and have made a contribution to society.

Born on December 6, 1927, in Paia, Hawaii was Patsy Mink. Mink was a third-generation Japanese American, who was raised on the island of Maui. She began her education at the Hāmākua Poko Grammar School until she was around the age of four. She then transferred in fourth grade to the Kaunoa English Standard School, which was for the most part a white school with only students who could speak English and who could pass an exam before applying to the school. During her time at the school, she felt like an outcast. When she was in high school she was being treated as if she were the enemy (since when she entered high school Japan had attacked Hawaii) when she ran for and won her first election, becoming student body president her senior year. Her senior year she was the first girl to serve as president of the student body and graduate as class valedictorian in 1944.

Patsy Mink attended the University of Hawaiʻi and Nebraska, and while attending she faced racism and segregation. After an illness, she returned to Hawaii and studied law at the University of Chicago. She married geologist John Francis but struggled to find employment after their daughter’s birth in 1952. Mink had obstacles when she tried the bar examination for her Hawaiian territorial residency after her marriage. Despite passing, she struggled to find employment due to her marriage and her child. So instead she opened her practice and joined the Democratic Party. In 1955, she became the first Japanese-American woman to serve in the territorial House and Senate. In 1960, she advocated for civil rights. In 1964, Patsy T. Mink won a U.S. House of Representatives seat and served 12 terms. She introduced the Early Childhood Education Act and worked on the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. In 1970, she opposed a Supreme Court nominee for discrimination against women. In 1972, she co-authored the Title IX Amendment of the Higher Education Act.

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About the Contributor
Emanuel Cruz
Emanuel Cruz, Staff Writer

Emanuel Cruz is a junior at Hoover High School. He was born on April 13, raised in San Diego, California, by his parents who immigrated to live the American Dream. He has two older siblings but he will be the first one in his family to graduate from Hoover, as the class of 2025. He also has two cats that he treasures and loves. He doesn’t really have a plan after high school but does want to attend SDSU. He wishes to have a career and is inspired by both his sister and brother.

Outside of school he enjoys watching movies and of course playing video games. His current favorite movies are Everything Everywhere All At Once, Interstellar, and La La Land. As for his video games, they are Roblox, Good Pizza Great Pizza, and Mario Kart 8. But something else that he absolutely loves is FOOD! His favorite dish is chilaquiles with a cold glass of Iced Tea.

He hopes to work in the medical field, but can’t decide on which career. What he does know is that he wants to help people whether that be helping them physically or mentally. He is currently in FACES and in Cardinals Interact which are programs that will expose him to decide which career is the best option for him.